Formed under high temperatures and pressure 50 miles or more underground. The hardest mineral on earth, with it's exceptional lustre and brilliant fire, makes it the most highly prized of all gems


This translucent stone is the best known variety of feldspar with an iridescent sheen called "adularescence". The moonstone is still a sacred stone in India where tradition holds the stone as a symbol of the Third Eye.


The cultured pearl has been produced in China for several centuries but the modern industry was founded in Japan in the late 19th century.


This gem is a variety of the mineral Corundum, which is the hardest mineral after diamond. The blue colour and the depth of this colour is caused by the presence and the amount of iron and titanium oxides in the mineral.


The golden lemon colour of this member of the quartz family has long been a symbol of light heartedness and joy.


Its blood red colour has been likened to the flesh of a ripe promegranate and name garnet is derived from the Latin word granatum.


The earliest known gem market in Babylon was trading emeralds as early as 4000 BC. This gem is a variety of the mineral Beryl and occurs within dark shales and limestones in Colomba's Muzor and Chivor regions.

Pink Tourmaline

The name Tourmaline is said to have originated from the Sinhalese term, 'turmali' meaning 'mixed'. Its unusually bright shade of pink is said to bring compassion, trust and self-love. Referred to as the 'muses' stone, many believe that it's imaginative colours contain inspirational powers.


Primarily sourced in the U.S, Germany and Mexico, Onyx occurs naturally in black but can also be found in brown, grey and white. The stone is believed to help change bad habits, and is also thought to be useful in deflecting and absorbing the negativity of others.


The rich red and ruby is produced by the presence of chromium in the mineral Corundum. The best ruby colour is described as "pigeon's blood" and is found in the Mogok area of Burma.


The attraction of this stone lies in its rich "oily" green colour, which ranges from pale golden green to brownish green. First found on St.John's Island in the Red Sea as early as 1300 BC but now mined in Arizona, Burma and Norway.


Also known as Sadoine or Mecca Stone, the name Cornelian is derived from Carne, the Latin for 'flesh', due to the stones colouring. A deeply religious stone that is thought to balance creativity and mental processes, protecting against envy and fear.


Ancient Romans believed opal to be a symbol of hope because it contained the colours of the rainbow. Arabs thought the fiery colour was created while falling from the sky in flashes of lightning.


A symbol of love and affection, this clear, bright gemstone is believed to iherit its name from the Sanskrit meaning, 'fire'. Topaz can be found in a variety of colours including blue, yellow, green, orange, pinkish-red and brown


Pink sapphires occur in Sri Lanka, Burma and East Africa. The colour varies from a very pale & delicate pink to a near-red. It is believed that if the stone is worm directly on the skin it will ward off ill-health & misfortune.

Fire Opal


These stones tend to have one body of colour, the most common of which is reddish-orange, but they can range from pale yellow to dark orange.



Is the best known form of quartz, colour ranging from deep to light purple. Ancient belief held that anyone wearing an amethyst could not become intoxicated.



An indigo blue variety of the mineral zoisite, it was found for the first time in 1967 and named by Tiffany & Co in New York after it's originating country. Supremely rare, tanzanite comes from only one place in the world, the Merelani Hills of Tanzania. Helps to foster achievement and assists in exploring aspects of the self.



Rhodolite, sometimes known as Raspberry Rhodolite Garnet is a combination of almandire and pyrope. The name is derived from the Greek words rhodon and lithos, meaning rose-stone. It is believed to balance emotion and foster greater awareness.

Cleaning Guide


This is as per the Mohs scale of hardness


Is the rating which refers to how the stone will react to the various processes used during manufacturing & repair of jewellery. A rating of "excellent" means the stone is reasonably safe as long as all due care is excerised. A stone which is "poor" means extreme care is needed or the processes avoided entirely. The table below only shows various cleaning process, similar care is needed when soldering, polishing and pickling.






Chemical Cleaners

Mild Cleaners & Soap

Untreated Cloth

Alexandrite 8.5 exellent
Amber 2.0 to 2.5 poor
Amethyst 6.5 to 7.0 fair
Aquamarine 7.5 to 8.0 good
Citrine 6.5 to 7.0 good
Coral 3.0 to 4.0 poor
Diamond 10.0 excellent
Emerald 7.5 to 8.0 poor
Garnet 6.5 to 7.5 good
Lapis Lazuli 5.0 to 6.0 poor
Opal 5.5 to 6.5 poor
Pearl 2.5 to 4.5 poor
Peridot 6.5 to 7.0 fair
Ruby 9.0 excellent
Sapphire 8.0 excellent
Spinel 8.0 good
Tanzanite 6.5 poor
Topaz 8.0 good
Tourmaline 7.0 to 7.5 good
Turquoise 5.0 to 6.0 poor

Birth Stones Guide

JANUARY Garnet Thie lively red stone has symbolized many things: fire faith, truth, grace and fidelity.
FEBRUARY Amethyst According to Greek legend, Bacchus created this beautiful purple stone, thus anyone wearing an amethyst could not become intoxicated
MARCH Aquamarine Ancient Greeks believed aquamarine held the spirit of the sea. To the early Christians it symbolized harmony, happiness, innocence, youthfulness and purity.
APRIL Diamond Everyone's best friend. It symbolizes eternity and courage.
MAY Emerald Gem-quality emeralds are so rare they are considered more valuable than diamonds. The ancient Egyptian emerald mines near the Red Sea were worked as early as 2000 B.C., and were the main source of emeralds for the West until the 16th century. By this time finer quality emeralds were being mined in Columbia.
JUNE Pearl Its rich white lustre symbolizes a pure heart.
JULY Ruby Rubies are believed to have great powers, ensuring a peaceful, harmonious and healthy life. It is also thought to control one's passions and thoughts.
AUGUST Peridot This stone was mined as early as 1300 B.C. near the Red Sea. Today they are found in Arizona and Asia.
SEPTEMBER Sapphire Persians believed the earth rested on an enormous sapphire and the sky reflected its colour.
OCTOBER Opal This stone is said to bring emotional, physical and mental harmony. Fire opals are said to stumulate passion.
NOVEMBER Topaz The ancient Greeks called topaz the "Stone of Strength". During medieval times the topaz was thought to heal both physical and mental disorders.
DECEMBER Turquoise This stone was worshipped by Incas Aztecs, believing in its power to bring good fortune.
Home   Shop   Hand Made   Gallery   History   About Us   Contact Us   FAQ   Hallmarking   Gems   Sign In  
Beads   Designer   Diamonds   Rubies   Sapphires   Emeralds   Stones   Braclets   Necklaces   Silver

Copyright © 2006 AJB Jewellery, All Rights Reserved.
Tel: (01303) 255048  Email: info@ajb-jewellery.co.uk